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What you Need to Know About Soil Pests

mole-cricketAccording sources, soil pests are insects that spend a great portion of their lives in the soil. This bests includes but not limited to bugs, weevil, leatherjacket, beetles and flies. Some of these pests are harmful because they cause a lot of damage to bulbs and roots of plant eventually killing the plant. There are also other soil pests that do not eat plants roots but they spend a part of their lives in soil developing later to emerge and become plant eating insects. There is also a group of soil pests that is not harmful but beneficial to the soil and plants. Theses pests prey on other pests and also perform useful tasks such a nitrogen fixation in the soil. Other insects help crops such as eggplants, squash, melons and cucumber to pollinate.

Pest control

In practicing pest control, the time of the year is the major variable that an individual should be concerned with as not all targeted pests will be in the soil at a particular moment. Different pests spend during a season several times in the soil, while others are ever present. Others are only available once per year. Another important strategy for pests control that I found on dirtmamas.ca is to recognize the beneficial pests and learning about their diets, behaviors and their life cycles. A combination of cultural and mechanical strategies works well in reducing harmful pests without interfering with the beneficial insects. Some of these strategies include;

1. Crop rotation. This is alternating of crop plant planted every season. Planting of a single crop in the same piece of land continuously leads to population increase especially of soil dwelling pests such as maggots, wireworms and grubs. If the crop is susceptible to one of the best replace it with a crop that cannot be harmed by such pest.

2. Use of natural enemies. For good pest control one should recognize and introduce insects that prey on the undesired pests. Examples of these insects are spiders, predatory flies, mites and bugs.

3. Use of row covers. Use of floating covers only allows water, light and air through to plants, blocking any pests. These covers are placed over young crops till they are big enough to fight off pests or until when the threat of pests is eliminated. These covers should be removed about four to six weeks before the temperatures rises beyond the crops requirement.

4. Growing of healthy, vigorous plants. Weak plants are more susceptible to attack by pests and suffer from great damage. A plant can be weakened by too much or too little fertilizer or water. A farmer should also ensure that the level of soil pH is that required by the plant for it to remain healthy and less threatened by pests.

5. If those cultural and mechanical strategies don’t work, one can opt to deploy the use of pesticides. In the use of pesticides care should be focused on using only the right amount needed to treat the crop that requires treating. Spot treatments are practical and effective for home gardener. Its however worth to note that use of pesticides also kills both harmful pest and beneficial insects.

Soil Erosion Control

soil erosion controlBy definition Soil Erosion Control is the practice of managing the water or wind erosion in agriculture. Soil erosion is essentially the removal of the top layer of soil or removal of soil from its surface by wind, deforestation and water etc. Cutting of trees and quickly running water can readily raise the possibilities of soil erosion. Because of soil erosion increases along with the menace of global-warming touches sky, folks now start it becomes very necessary to use some powerful approaches that avoid it from happening. The methods or techniques that are utilized to avert the soil loss as well as water pollution are called soil erosion control methods. Usually these approaches are utilized in urban and natural areas and in agricultural options. Some typical approaches used for soil erosion control are mulch, retaining walls, Geo textiles and vegetation.

Mulches enable top-soil to slowly soak the water that keeps the pH value, as well as shields against rain impacts. However retaining walls are truly the most powerful system of preventing soil erosion. These partitions could be assembled across the place where water overflow cause soil erosion.

Geo textiles are another powerful approach when combined with vegetation because it enables land to stabilize. You can readily control soil erosion with an organic approach to planting vegetation because it contain the soil restricted in a position and stabilizes the soil which prevents erosion.

Besides such approaches, here we discuss a few means to manage soil erosion, take a glance on them:

  • Put increasingly more trees round the place where erosion generally happens because these offer shelter to your earth as well as prevent excessive water. However, remember that trees attract squirrels and other wild animals and in order to prevent some problems with unwilling wild animals visit backyardwildlife.ca. There are many useful recommendations regarding wildlife control and prevention.
  • You can develop barrier for wind that prevent the wind from blowing earth components away.
  • Another approach is making natural mulch that minimizes the temperature of the earth as well as prevents erosion.
  • Water your soil or keep it damp however do not do over-watering since it will wash away soil and leads it to degrade its quality. For this particular function you may use moist piles of mulch that will be simple to mend.
  • Keep your plant life enough powerful, growing and healthy because it will retains the earth in a place and shields its area.
  • Choose the proper methods according to climate, location and soil texture and dimension of the land or farm.
  • Plant shrubs and grass whenever possible as long grasses will stop the water-retention of the earth.

Additionally, dukes and stations are also efficient strategies of land erosion controls. By means of this approach flow of water could be managed with dike and a few dikes not only manage the water flow but also redirect through the channels which are generally composed of concrete and other strong stuff.