Soil erosion is one of the most destructive factors which can affect the home gardening activities as well as the quality of soil structure. In the long run, you will notice a great reduction in the production aspect and growth pattern of your plant resulting in poor yields and tremendous losses. It will strip the soil of valuable nutrients, required for plant life to flourish. Even though some degrees of erosion is simply inevitable, there are practical steps that can be taken to control the destruction caused by soil erosion. Taking the step to take care of your garden from losing the vital nutrients needed by plant life to survive will benefit the productivity of crops significantly.
There are various methods that can be applied in your garden in order to protect the soil. Cover crops, mulching, use of raised beds, creating healthy organic soil structure and succession planting are all practices which can be used in soil erosion prevention. Constructing canals around the garden will help establish a permanent area of water flow in the garden. This would in turn prevent rain water from passing through the garden site and instead direct the water directly to the water canals around. In areas well known for recurrent erosion problems, planting vegetation such as flower seeds can help prevent soil erosion in your garden.
The key to any thriving garden is the soil. Therefore, creating a healthy soil structure offers many benefits for flourishing of plant life that no other gardening method can provide. Moisture retention, drainage, tilth and nutrient retention can all be improved in the soil by use of organic matter. A healthy soil allows proper draining of excess water and retains enough moisture required for plant life to gain from when needed alongside retaining soluble nutrients which naturally exist in the soil and which are needed by the plants. Healthy soil is the most essential of all the methods in preventing soil erosion.
Another gardening practice that I have discovered and which can be applied as a preventative measure for soil erosion is succession planting. This is achieved by growing plants that mature at diverse times all through the growing season within the same area or by making multiple plantings of the same plant simultaneously. Organic mulch and cover crops are two other ways in which soil erosion can be prevented. Both methods are great for improving soil structure at the same time. They offer a source of organic food to keep soil microbial activity thriving and improve the soil quality.
Soil cultivation is a primary source of soil erosion by both rain and wind. When the soil is turned over to a minimum and soil amendments are added, soil erosion will be greatly reduced. Converting to no till gardening method will be a great way to get rid of the effort of having to till the garden. Another good alternative is the raised bed gardens. They are a great way to improve a garden when the conditions of the soil are an issue such as in rocky areas or ledges that cannot be worked on. The raised beds built above the existing natural ground elevation.